Common, Oft-repeated Mistakes During Hajj and ‘Umrah

By Asma bint Shameem

The noble Sahabi, Hudhayfah ibn al-Yaman said, “People used to ask the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) about good things, but I used to ask him about bad things because I was afraid that they might overtake me.”

What a beautiful example to follow! And thus, on a similar note, I have listed some of the extremely common mistakes that scores of people make, year after year, so that we can be weary of them and protect and prevent themselves from making them. This way our Hajj will be closest to the Sunnah, bi idhnillaah, and insha’Allah acceptable to Allah.

Mistake #1. Thinking that du’a is accepted at first glance of the Ka’bah:

Many people have the wrong notion that the first time they look at the Ka’bah, any du’a that they make will be answered. Not true! This has no evidence from the Sharee’ah. And any hadeeth that one may find regarding this matter is either extremely weak or fabricated. When asked about du’a being accepted at the first sight of the Ka’bah, Shaykh Sa’d al-Humayd replied:

“This is not true; there has to be evidence for this to be true, because acts of worship should only be based on evidence. And that evidence must be saheeh in and of itself and it should be clear and unambiguous. And Allah knows best.”

Mistake #2. “Kissing” the black stone from far away and stopping in mid-tawaaf to do so:

Kissing the black stone is a beautiful Sunnah, and an honor indeed for the one who is able to do so. However, due to the immense crowds, a very large number of people are not able to reach it. So a large number of people try to “kiss” it from far away. When they are line with the black stone, they stop dead in their tracks in mid-tawaaf, stand facing the black stone, put up both hands on the side of their head and “kiss” the black stone in mid air, as if the black stone is right in front of them. Or they throw “flying kisses” at the black stone from far away, by kissing their hands and then “throwing” these kisses in the direction of the black stone. Besides being wrong, stopping the flow of tawaf causes disruption and unnecessary crowding in that area, and a LOT of inconvenience to fellow Haajis.

“Distance kissing” is not from the Sunnah of course. All the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) did while doing tawaaf, was to kiss the black stone if he easily could do so, or touch it with his hand and kiss his hand. BUT, when there was a crowd, all he did was  point to it from far away and say “Allaahu Akbar”.  That’s it.

It was narrated that Abu Tufayl (may Allah be pleased with him) said: I saw the Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performing Tawaaf around the House, touching the corner [where the Stone is] with a crooked staff which he had with him, then kissing the staff. [Muslim, 1275]

It was narrated that Ibn ‘Abbaas said: The Messenger of Allah (peace and blessings of Allah be upon him) performed Tawaaf on his camel, and every time he came to the corner [where the Stone is] he would point to it and say “Allaahu akbar.” [al-Bukhari, 4987]

And that’s what we need to do. If you are far away from the black stone, all you do is to point to it with your right hand, say Allah Akbar and move on. No facing the Ka’bah, no “distance kissing”, no stopping dead in your tracks. Keep moving and don’t disrupt the flow of the tawaaf.

“It should be noted that the tawaaf remains perfectly valid without kissing the Black Stone. If one does not or cannot kiss the Black Stone. it is sufficient simply to point to it, saying “Allahu Akbar” when one comes parallel to it, although one may be at a distance from it.” [Fataawa ibn Baaz]

Mistake #3. Shouting out duas in unison

Some people shout at the top of their voices, in unison, while making du’a during tawaaf. They follow an imam or a leader who says out different duas aloud, and then the followers all repeat after him in unison. This causes a lot of confusion and disturbs others engaged in their own duas,  making them lose focus and khushoo‘. And obviously, it is also not befitting that one should shout and raise his voice in a place so sacred as the Harram.

The right thing to do is to know, before you go for tawaaf, the duas that you will be making, the Qur’aan you will be reciting, etc. so that you don’t have to follow anybody. Rather you will be making your own du’a, in your own language, from your own heart. This will give you better concentration and satisfaction. Plan your duas ahead of time, repeat them to yourself, with humility and khushoo‘. After all, you’re making du’a to the One Who hears all and sees all. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) said:

Each one of you is conversing with his Lord, so do not disturb one another or raise your voices over one another when reading [or he said] when praying. [Abu Dawood, saheeh by al-Albaani]

Mistake #4. Designating specific duas for specific rounds:

There are some people who make specific duas for each round and there are even books that have specific duas written for each specific round, with du’a #1 to be read for round #1 and so on. This is not something from the Sharee’ah. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) did not recite any specific du’a in any of the rounds, and neither did his companions. If there was such a thing, then he would have told us about it, and he would have done so himself first.

The only du’a that he did specify during Tawaaf, was when he reached at the end of each circuit between the Yemeni Corner and the Black Stone, and he would say: “Rabbana atina’ fid-dunya hasanatan wa fil-akhirati hasana wa qina adhaban-nar. ” (Our Lord, give us good in this world and good in the Hereafter and save us from the punishment of the Fire.)

So the right thing to do in each round is to make sincere du’a from your heart about whatever it is that you make du’a to Allah for, in whatever language you like, in whatever words that you feel comfortable in, until you come to the Yamani (third) corner where you can say the above du’a prescribed in the Sunnah.

Think about it. If you’re reading something from a book, in a language that you don’t understand, would that have the same effect on you or the same impact on your du’a as compared to something that you do understand? Imagine the power of the du’a that comes from deep within your heart and its effect. You are the one who knows your problems…you are the one who is afflicted…you are the one beseeching your Lord and He’s the One who knows what you’re asking for.

And even if you did understand the duas, it would still be something not prescribed in the Sunnah.

Mistake #5. Doing Tawaaf on someone else’s behalf:

Many people make this mistake. They circumambulate the Ka’bah 7 times and then they donate the reward of this tawaaf  to their loved ones, their family members or their relatives who have passed away. Also, when people go for Hajj or Umrah, their relatives and friends specifically ask them to “do one tawaaf on their behalf”. This is not valid and there is no evidence for its permissibility.

You see, Tawaaf is a kind of prayer and you cannot pray on someone else’s behalf. Can you? Similarly, you cannot do just tawaaf by itself on someone else’s behalf either. However, if you were doing an entire Hajj or Umrah on someone’s behalf, then the tawaf would be automatically be on the other person’s behalf anyway. But to do tawaaf by itself, meaning 7 rounds around the Ka’bah and donating the reward to someone else is not correct.

Shaykh ibn Baaz said: Tawaaf around the Ka’bah cannot be done by proxy, so no one can do tawaaf on behalf of someone else, unless he is doing Hajj or ‘Umrah on his behalf, in which case he may do it on his behalf along with the rest of Hajj or ‘Umrah.  [Fataawa Ibn Baaz]

What the best thing to do is to do as many tawaaf as you can for your own self. Tawaaf is an Ibaadah that cannot be done anywhere else except Mecca and this is a golden opportunity.

Mistake #6. Going to Tan’eem again and again for multiple Umrahs:

Some people perform multiple Umrahs after finishing their own, going outside Mecca either to masjid Aaisha (Tan’eem) or other meeqaat points, put on a new Ihraam and repeat Umrahs again and again. Some of them do an Umrah a day, some even more! This is also NOT from the Sunnah. And NOT the practice of the Sahaabah.

If it was good to do multiple Umrahs all in one trip, surely the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) would have done so himself and the Sahaabah would have done so too. But we see that although the Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) stayed in Mecca for 19 days after the conquest of Mecca, yet he did NOT leave Mecca to do `Umrah, even though he could have easily done so.

Sheikh al-`Uthaymeen said: “Ibn Taymiyah mentions that the Salaf are agreed that making multiple `Umrahs is disliked. In any case, leaving Mecca and going to the boundary of the sacred precincts to make a second or third `Umrah is an unfounded practice that was unknown during the time of the Prophet (peace be upon him). The only exception to this was the case where `A’ishah sought permission to make a single `Umrah after Hajj because of special circumstances. If it was generally recommended to leave Mecca to perform `Umrah in this way, the Prophet (peace be upon him) would have encouraged his Companions to do so.”

Actually, instead of making multiple Umrahs, the better thing to do and the worship that will earn more rewards, bi idhnillaah, is to perform as many tawaaf as you can for yourself. Like I said before, tawaaf is an Ibaadah that cannot be done anywhere else except Mecca and this is a golden opportunity.

Ibn Taymiyah said: “The Salaf agree that performing voluntary tawaaf is superior to going to al-Tan`îm or to the boundaries of the sacred precincts and making `Umrah. [Majmu` al-Fataawa]

Mistake #7. Thinking that the Jamaraat are Shayaateen:

When some people go to stone the Jamaraat, they think they are going to stone the devils. In fact, they think they are stoning Iblees himself! They even call this ritual, “stoning the SHAYTAAN.” That is NOT TRUE. The Jamaraat are NOT shayaateen and to call the Jamaraat “Shayateen” is also wrong.

All we do when we stone these Jamaraat is an act of remembering Allah, following the Messenger of Allah(Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) as an act of worship. That’s it. No need to get emotional, no need to cuss at the Jamaraat, no need to push and shove.

Mistake #8. Touching or wiping over the Ka’bah, any part of masjid al-Haraam or Masji an-Nabawi:

Some people try and touch any part of the Ka’bah or Maqaame Ibraaheem, thinking that there is blessing or barakah in it. Or they touch or wipe their hands on the different parts of masjid al-Haraam or masjid an-Nabawi, and then they wipe over themselves, thinking that this is something good or it will be source of blessing for them. But again, this is another act with no basis in the Sharee’ah of Islam. The Prophet (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam)  did not touch any part of Ka’bah except the Black Stone and the Yemeni Corner. If it was good, he would have done so. But he didn’t and so we don’t either.

Dear brother/sister, just think about it. Blessings come from following what Allah and His Messenger (Sal Allaahu Alaiyhi wa sallam) have prescribed, and NOT from following innovations.

Mistake #9. Thinking that praying forty prayers in Madeenah is compulsory:

Some people think that you have to complete forty prayers in the Prophet’s masjid and that this is necessary and part of Hajj. It’s not. This is based on a weak hadeeth. Neither is it necessary to complete forty prayers there nor is visiting Madeenah a part of Hajj. Obviously it is good if you can spend as much time as you can in Madeenah and pray as much as you can in masjid an-Nabawi. But to think that one has to complete forty prayers there is not correct. You can pray one day or one hour  or one month or whatever is according to your hajj program. It does not have to be forty prayers.

Shaykh Ibn Baaz said: “With regard to the widespread idea that the visitor should stay for eight days so that he can offer forty prayers in the Mosque is wrong. Although it says in some ahaadeeth “Whoever offers forty prayers therein Allah will decree that he is safe from the Fire and free from hypocrisy,” this hadeeth is da’eef according to the scholars and cannot be taken as proof or relied upon. There is no set limit for visiting the Prophet’s Mosque. If a person visits for an hour or two, or a day or two, or for more than that, there is nothing wrong with that.”  [Fataawa Ibn Baaz]


Easy Umrah Guide (Printable PDF Included)

What follows is a very easy step by step process on how to do Umrah prepared by Sh. Muhammad Alshareef. You can also download a brochure style one page double sided printable PDF version of the guide below by clicking here. My family used this very guide to do our very first Umrah on our own without any help from anyone. That is how easy to follow and helpful this guide was to my family and I.

I am sharing it here so others may benefit as well. Be sure that you print the printable PDF guide in a double sided format so that you can fold it like a brochure. I also have a similar guide for Hajj on my blog. Let me know if it was helpful in the comments section below!


1 – Go to the Meeqat

  • If you are going from Madinah, the Meeqat is a place called Dhul-Hulayfah; a large Masjid on the outskirts of Madinah
  • Shave you’re underarms and pubic hairs and cut your nails before going
  • Note: If you are arriving in the Jeddah airport and are proceeding directly to Makkah to perform Umrah, the airplane will pass the Meeqat before you land. Therefore, you must complete steps 2-6 before the airplane lands. The pilot usually announces it over the speaker when he reaches the Meeqat

2 – Take a shower, remove all clothes, and wear two white towels

  • The Dhul-Hulayfah Masjid is well-equipped with washing facilities. However, you may shower in your hotel room before going to the Meeqaat
  • If you are putting on Ihram on an airplane, you should shower before boarding the airplane
  • With the towel, cover both shoulders at this point

3 – Enter the prayer hall and pray 2 rak’a

  • If an obligatory prayer is in process, join them. If not, pray with the intention of Sunnah al-Wudu

4 – Now, make a vocal intention for Umrah

  • Say: Labbayk Allahumma Umrah, which means O Allah, I am answering you’re call to perform Umrah

5 – After making this intention, you have entered in to the state of Ihram

In Ihram, the following restrictions apply:

  • Do not cut your hair
  • Do not trim your nails
  • Do not apply perfume (including scented soap, shampoo, or wet towels that come with meals)
  • Do not wear gloves
  • Do not touch your wife/husband with desire
  • Do not perform intercourse
  • Do not consummate a marriage contract
  • Do not hunt any wild animals

Additional Restrictions Specific for Men:

  • Do not cover your head, not even with your Ihram towel
  • Do not wear clothes sewn to the shape of your body. That includes undergarments

Additional Restrictions Specific for Women:

  • Do not cover your face or hands. However, in the presence of men you may cover your face as Aisha used to do

6 – Begin reciting the Talbiyah

  • The Talbiyah is: Labbayk Allaahumma Labbayk / Labbayka Laa shareeka laka labbayk / Inn alhamda wan-Ni’mata laka wal-mulk / laa shareeka lak (Here I am at your service, O Allah / You have no partners, here I am at your service, O Allah / Verily, all praise and grace belongs to you, and the kingdom / You have no partner)

7 – Proceed to the Haram in Makkah

  • While traveling, shorten and join prayers. Continue to recite the Talbiyah out loud throughout the trip

8 – Enter the Haram with your right foot

  • While entering say: Bismillaah (In the name of Allah) was-Salaatu was-salaamu ‘ala Rasoolillaah (and may the peace and blessings of Allah be upon Allah’s Messenger) Allahumma iftah-li abwaaba Rahmatik (O Allah, open for me the doors of your Mercy)

9 – Now, uncover your right shoulder and proceed to the Black Stone

  • Slip the Ihram towel under your right underarm, from the back. Then throw it over your left shoulder, from the front


10 (a) – Point and face your open hand towards the Black Stone and say: Allahu Akbar!

  • It is Sunnah that you kiss the Black stone. But, due to the crowd, you may not get the chance, therefore, pointing suffices
  • Touch if you can, but do not kiss, the Yemeni corner of the Ka’bah (the corner left of the Black Stone corner)

10 (b) – Begin Tawaf (go around the Ka’bah 7 times)

  • Each time you complete one circle and find yourself in-line with the Black Stone, face an open hand at it and say Allahu Akbar!
  • You must have Wudu for the entire Tawaf
  • The first three times around the Ka’bah should be done in a fast walking pace if possible
  • You may recite Qur’an, do Dhikr, or make Du’a. There is nothing specific that you must say


11 – Go to Maqami Ibraheem

  • Recite the verse:
    وَاتَّخِذُوا مِن مَّقَامِ إِبْرَاهِيمَ مُصَلًّى ۖ
    (And take of the station of Ibraheem as a place of prayer (Quran 2:125)

12 – Pray Two Rak’at

  • If the spot is crowded, back up and pray in a comfortable area

13 – Go to the Zamzam fountains

  • Drink ZamZam, pour it over your head, and make dua

14 – Return to Black Stone and kiss it if you can

  • If crowded, face an open hand and say Allahu Akbar!


15 – Proceed to Mt. Safa

  • As you near it, recite the verse:
    إِنَّ الصَّفَا وَالْمَرْوَةَ مِن شَعَائِرِ اللَّهِ ۖ فَمَنْ حَجَّ الْبَيْتَ أَوِ اعْتَمَرَ فَلَا جُنَاحَ عَلَيْهِ أَن يَطَّوَّفَ بِهِمَا ۚ وَمَن تَطَوَّعَ خَيْرًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ شَاكِرٌ عَلِيمٌ
    Verily the Safa and Marwa are among the signs of Allah. Anyone who goes on Hajj to the House or visits (it) will not be blamed if he runs along between them. With anyone who volunteers some good, Allah is Appreciative, Aware (Quran 2:158)

16 – Stand on Mt. Safa and face the Ka’bah

  • Note: While it is highly recommended that one has wudu during Sa’i, it is not a must. You may perform Sa’i without wudu

17 – While standing on the mountain, face the Ka’bah and say: Laa ilaaha illa Allah Wahdahu laa Sharika lah. Lah ul-Mulk. Wa lah ul-Hamd. Wa huwa ‘ala Kulli shay’in Qadeer. Laa ilaaha illa Allah. Anjaza wa’dah. Wa Nasara ‘abdah. Wa hazam al-Ahzaba wahdah (There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah. Alone. He has no partner. To Him belongs the kingdom. And all praise belongs to Him. And He has power above all things. There is nothing worthy of worship except Allah. He fulfilled His promise. Granted victory to His servant. And alone He defeated the allied army.)

18  – Make your own Du’a

  • Pray for anything from the goodness of this life and the next. Pray for both yourself and others

19 – Repeat steps 17-18 two more times

  • Enjoy the process. You’ve come all this way, open your heart in glorification and Dua to Allah!

20 – Leave Mt. Safa and walk to Mt. Marwa

  • After 20% of the way you’ll see green lights above. Begin jogging until you reach the other set of green lights

21 – Stand on the incline of Mt. Marwa

  • Repeat steps 17-18 three times

22 – Continue back and forth between Safa and Marwa until you’ve completed seven. If you’ve counted correctly, you should end at Marwa

  • Steps 16 to 20 = one SA’I. Marwa back to Safa = two. Safa back to Marwa = three; And so on. Note: At each mountain repeat steps 17-18 three times. Remember to jog every time you pass through the valley between Safa and Marwa (marked by the green lights above)


23 – After completing all seven sa’i, shave or trim your hair

  • Specific to women: Cut a centimeter of hair, more or less

24 – Mabrook! Your Umrah is now complete

  • All the items in step 5 are now permissible again. Pray that Allah accepts your Umrah